BRIEF

NDA (National Defence Academy) is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) which helps the candidates to be a part of Defence Forces i.e. Army, Air Force and Navy. NDA examinations are organised twice a year.

About 450,000 applicants appear every year out of which only 6,300 candidates are selected for a future interview; out of 6,300 candidates, only 70 candidates are accepted in Air Force, 42 in Navy and 208 candidates in Army.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA

  1. Candidates must be a citizen of India, a subject of Nepal, a subject of Bhutan or an Indian origin person who has migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African Countries of Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Malawi and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  2. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India with the intention of permanently settling in India before the 1st January 1962.
  3. Candidates should be unmarried.
  4. Candidate’s age should lie between 16.5 years to 19.5years.
  5. Candidates applying for Army Wing must have passed 10+2 or equivalent exam organized by the State Education Board or a University.
  6. Candidates applying for Air Force and Naval of NDA and 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme should have cleared the 12th or equivalent exam with Physics and Mathematics subjects.
  7. Candidates should be medically fit.
Height and weight requirements for Army and Air Force
Height (in cm) Age in years
16 - 17 17 - 18 18 - 19
Weight (in kgs)
152 42.5 44 45
155 43.5 45.3 47
157 45 47 48
160 46.5 48 49
162 48 50 51
165 50 52 53
167 51 53 54
170 52.5 55 56
173 54.5 57 58
175 56 59 60
178 58 61 62
180 60 63 64.5
183 62.5 65 66.5
Height and weight requirements for Navy
Height (in cm) Age in years
16 18 20
Weight (in kgs)
152 44 45 46
155 45 46 47
157 46 47 49
160 47 48 50
162 48 50 52
165 50 52 53
168 52 53 55
170 53 55 57
173 55 57 59
175 57 59 61
178 59 61 62
180 61 63 64
183 63 65 67
Vision standard for Naval candidates
Requirements Vision standard
Uncorrected without glass 6/6, 6/9
Corrected with glass 6/6, 6/6
Limits of Myopia -0.75
Limits of Hypermetropia +1.5
Binocular vision III
Limits of colour perception I

Visual Standards for Air Force

In order to be eligible for Air Force, candidates must not wear spectacles.

The visual standards set for Air Force has been provided below
Requirements Vision standard
Minimum distant vision 6/6, 6/9
Corrected with glass (for Hypermetropia) 6/6, 6/6
Colour vision CP-I
Hypermetropia +2.0 D
Sph Manifest Myopia Nil
Retinoscopic Myopia 0.5 in any Meridian permitted
Astigmatism + 0.75 D Cyl (within + 2.0 D maximum)
Maddox Rod Test at 6 meters
  • Exo-6 prism D
  • Eso-6 prism D
  • Hyper-1 prism D
  • Hypro-1 prism D
  • Maddox Rod Test at 33 cms
  • Exo-16 prism D
  • Eso-6 prism D
  • Hyper-1 prism D
  • Hypo-1 prism D
  • Below mentioned are considered as the minor ailments
    Wax (Ears) Deviated Nasal Septum Hydrocele/Phimosis
    Overweight/Underweight Undersized Chest Piles
    Gynaecomastia Tonsillitis Varicocele

    Other than the above requirements in the physical standards the candidates must be in good physical and mental health and they should not be obese or overweight.

    Below mentioned are the special requirements for the candidates applying for air force wing of the National Defence Academy:

    Special or Specific Requirements for Air Force Pilot
    Leg length 99.00cm 120.00cm
    Thigh length Max 64.00cm
    Sitting height 81.50cm 96.00cm

    The minimum acceptable height is 157 cm for Army, Navy and Naval Academy while 162.5 cm for Air Force. For Gorkhas and individuals belonging to hills of North-Eastern, the minimum acceptable heights will be 5 cm less.

    NDA APPLICATION FORM

    1. Visit NDA official website (http://www.upsc.gov.in/).
    2. Fill the details asked in the form.
    3. Select the exam centre.
    4. Pay the form fees either by credit/debit card, net banking or through e-challan.
    5. Category Amount to be paid
      1) General & OBC candidates Rs.100
      1) SC/ST candidates and wards of NCOs/ JCOs/Ors No application fee charged
    6. Upload the photograph and signature in JPEG format.

    EXAM PATTERN

    1. It is an offline based examination
    2. The question paper is divided into two categories
      • Category I: Mathematics
      • Category II: General Ability Test

      Category II is further subdivided into two parts:-

      • Part A:- English
      • Part B:- General Knowledge

      Part B is further divided into six sections:-

      • Section I:- Physics
      • Section II:- Chemistry
      • Section III:- General Knowledge
      • Section IV:- History
      • Section V:- Geography
      • Section VI:- Current Affairs

    3. SUBJECTS MARKS ALLOTED
      Mathematics 300
      General Ability Test English 200
      General Knowledge Physics 100
      Chemistry 60
      General science 40
      History 80
      Geography 80
      Current Affairs 40
    4. Each category is allotted 2 hours and 30 minutes.
    5. After clearing the NDA candidates has to give SSB interview which consists of 900 marks.

    SYLLABUS

    MATHEMATICS
    TOPICS DETAIL DESCRIPTION
    ALGEBRA
  • Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.
  • Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa.
  • Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. A solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.
  • MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
  • Types of matrices, operations on matrices.
  • Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants.
  • Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix,
  • Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
  • TRIGONOMETRY
  • Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.
  • Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
  • ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS
  • Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.
  • Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
  • DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS
  • Concept of a real-valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions.
  • Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function.
  • Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
  • INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
  • Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves— applications.
  • Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
  • VECTOR ALGEBRA Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
    STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
  • Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples.
  • Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central Tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.
  • Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical— examples.
  • Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
  • ENGLISH The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.
    MATHEMATICS
    SUBJECTS TOPICS
    PHYSICS
  • Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.
  • Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
  • Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.
  • CHEMISTRY
  • Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.
  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms.
  • Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.
  • GENERAL SCIENCE
  • Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
  • Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
  • HISTORY
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
  • GEOGRAPHY
  • The Earth, its shape and size. Latitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
  • Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World.
  • Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
  • CURRENT AFFAIRS Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

    IMPORTANT DATES

    Events Dates (Announced)
    Releasing of Notification 7th August 2019
    Starting of filling online application 7th August 2019
    Last date to fill and submit an application form 3rd September 2019
    Availability of Admit Card 3 weeks prior to the exam
    NDA 2 exam date 17th November 2019
    Declaration of result Last week of October

    SELECTION PROCEDURE

    Candidates need to qualify NDA examination in order to go to the next round i.e. the SSB interview. The candidates who get selected in the BBS round are eligible to take admission in NDA.

    Intelligence and Personality Test

    The SSB procedure consists of the two-stage Selection process - stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.

    The details are :

    • Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception * Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on a combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
    • Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website join Indian army.nic.in. The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weight for each test. The mks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

    The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.

    Online Resources

    NDA is one of the most esteemed joint service academy of Indian Armed Forced. Thousands of aspiring students take up the exam every year with the hope of making it to the prestigious institutions. At BasicFirst, we offer earnest students the opportunity to interact and learn from the finest faculty. Our study program include several methodologies for this. We offer Doubt Clearing sessions, to ensure that students have a strong foundation in the subject. To supplement this, we have online tests and practice workbooks to help train the students crack the NDA entrance exam. To encourage one-on-one interaction, we also give students the chance to consult and interact with our faculty over our Live Online, and Mentors programs.


    Our programs are fine-tuned to helping students crack NDA. With the help of our special NDA coaching program, and a little hard work from your side, you can be sure of getting into the NATIONAL DEFENCE ACADMEY to serve the nation.

    252 Recharge
    Centers across India